Official name : Romania
Forme of government :
: SE of Europe, to the N of Balkans, in the inferior basin of the
Danube, with an opening to the Black Sea, beeing cut by the carpathian
Surface : 238.391 km 2 ( 11
place in Europe and 79 in world ).
: 3.175,1 km from which 1036,7 km are terestral and 2.138,4 km are
river and maritime.Countrieas sharing borders with Romania are Hungary,
Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Republic of Moldavia and Ukraine.
22.607.620 habitants ( 1 july 1996 ),8 place in Europe and 38 in the
world.Distribution on the nationalities(1992):20.408.542 Romanians(89,47%),
1.624.959 Hungarians(7,12%) , 401.087 gipsy(1,75%), 119.462 Germans(0,52%),
divisions (1996):41 districts and, separetly , Bucharest, the
capital, who is a distict too, 262 towns , 2685 communes, 13.285 villages.
: Bucharest - 2.037.278 habitans (1 july 1996 ).
with more then 100.000 habitans
( 1 july 1996): Arad(185.475),Bacau(208.565),Baia Mare
Official tongue : romanian: mother-tongue for more than 89
% from the country population.
By its origine, structure and vocabulary romanian is the language
who continues directly the latine who was spoken in Dacia and Moesia
- two regions in the carpatho-danubiano-pontic space.
day : 1st December.
flag : three vertical colours : red, yellow and blue.
anthem : "Desteapta-te, romane !".
time : East Europe time (GMT + 2 hours).
currency : 1 leu (lei) = 100 bani (bani).
Cults(1992): 19.762.135 Orthodox Christians(87
%), 1.144.820 Catholics (5 %), 804.577 Reformen(3, 5 %), 228.377 Greek
Catholics(1%), 220.051 Penthycostals (1%) and the rest are Moslems,
Nature : Romania is a carpathian and a
danubian country with are opening to the Black Sea.It has a variable
and harmonious relief: mountains 31 %, hills and plateaus 33 %, feels
36 %.Romanian Carpaths , with a medium altitude of 840 m.,are situated
in the center of the country and they have 3 big divisions : Oriental
Carpaths, Meridional Carpaths and Occidental Carpaths.
Oriental Carpaths : situated between north fromntiere and Prahova
Valley.The highest mountains are M.Rodnei (2303 m), with varied woods
and a lot of depressions( D.Brasov).
Meridional Carpaths : between Prahova Valley and Timis Cerna
passage.They are higher then the first groupe( the maximum altitude
is Moldoveanu peak - Fagaras Mountains - 2.544 m).
Occidentali Carpaths : between Danube defile(the long in Europe,
144 km) on south and Somes on north .
In this division are included : Banatului Mountains , Poiana Rusca
Mountains and Apuseni ; They are less higher, with a lot of depression
and frequent phenomens of charst.
Climate - the climate is temperate -continental,characteristic
to the Central Europe ( hot summer,cold winters, very distinct seasons,
abundant snowfalls especially in the mountains).Warmest areas are
in the south.
The fauna : is reach and varied, intersing
for its stags, deers, bears, foxes, wild boars and for its rare bird
species like : pelikans, otters( in the Danube Delta , chamois, the
grouse who are protected by low.
Tourisme : Romania
is the owner of all natural conditions to become one of the most important
european touristic destination.The most wanted regions are : the Black
Sea litoral , Bucharest, Prahova Valley(Sinaia,
Busteni,Azuga,Predeal), Poiana Brasov, Moldavia Monastries, churchs
in wood - Maramures, Danube Delta, Bran(Dracula Castle), medieval
cities (Brasov,Sighisoara,Sibiu,Medias, Deva,Cluj,Alba-Iulia), watering
places(Baile Felix, Baile Herculane, Baile Tusnad,Calimanesti-Caciulata,Olanesti,
Sovata, Vatra-Dornei,Eforie Nord etc.), a lot of caves.