North Moldavia Monasteries
Voronet,Arbore,Humor,Moldovita and Sucevita monasteries are representative for
Europe for their unicity, beeing included by UNESCO in the patrimony
of the universal art.
In XVIth century
, when the pression of the Turkish armies on Moldavia was maxime
and the Hungaryans were trying , on Pope's request , to impose the
Catholic religion to the Romanian people, the local artists had
disovered the most simple and direct way to transmite to the contemporary
people and to the next generation too, the essence of an old tradition
.They succeded in only 20 years to cover the walls of those five
churches with a veritable "illustrative Bible".
The age when
Michelangelo had apreciated that the "frescos were the most
difficult and audacious pictures", Moldavian painters created
masterpieces who could be compared with those in Europe. Above all
this , their frescos are hiding meanings that hasn't been yet disovered.
One of this
secrets ,unknown by the painters and modern chemists is the resistence
in time of the colors .Sugested by the chromatic in Bucovina (the
blue-sky, yellow , violet , five nuances of green)- the colors naissance
-colors who are very famous in the hall world-continue to be a mistery.
A doument since
the age of Stefan cel Mare(Stephan the Great)attest the big number
of casks with a drink called tuica, sent constantly to the painters.
But they couldn't drink that much and they hadn't time to start
a bussines with drinks either.And because of the big quantity of
tuica , there was a rumour that the drink was used in the combination
of the colors and in painting the walls.
characteristic comun to these five monumentes is that the biblical
characters are dressed like local peoplea and they do the same works,
althought there were strict rules about the religious tradition.
- raised up in
only three months and a half, in 1448;it was named by the specialists
"Sixtine Chapel in north of Romania ".The unic Voronet blue
, as famous as the "rose of Tizian"and the "green of
Veronese" is a continous enigma.The colour composition which
freshness and shining are out of comun , its secret dissapered with
- built four centuries ago , by princely order , as a small fortress
where the barbarians couldn't enter .Sucevita Monastery , with its walls
and towers , with the church and big number of paintings who covver the
exterior walls , is one of the masterpieces in Bucovina and of the medieval
art in Moldavia. The legende says that , to motivate the absence of the
paintings from one of the walls, one of the painters died in that place
, under the slabs who cracked and broukedown.
Sucevita Monastery is representative for its groupe of paintings who represent
by the specialist Paul Henry, the legacy of classic artin Moldavia.Monument
of the second half of XVIth century , the monastery's church represent
the last fase of the arhitectural devellopement in the Medieval age and
that of the traditional style in Moldavia.
In the complexity
of its omponents , the church , built between 1582-1584 by the order of
Gheorghe and Ieremia Movila(first mithropolit), is one of the most visited
touristic objective in north of Moldavia.It keeps fresh the original glory
of the arhitectural forms in that age.Situated in the mountains , Sucevita
has in its neighbourhoods valuable churches and monasteries:Putna, Moldovita
, Humor and Dragomirna.