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Bucharest is the capital of Romania, city with rank of municipality (since 17 February 1968), with statute of particular administration unit (similar to the county), the biggest and most important political, economical, financial-banking, commercial, cultural-scientific, educational, transport, informational, sportive and touristic center of the country. The city is situated in the south south - east of Romania, in Vlasiei Plain, at 59 - 90 meters altitude, on the rivers Dambovita and Colentina, at 60 kilometers north from Danube river, 120 kilometers south from the Carpathian Mountains and 226 kilometers from the Black Sea.
Surface: 228 square kilometers (0.10 % of the country's surface)
Population ( 1 July 1995 ): 2,054,079 inhabitants (9.06% of the country's population), 978,672 men and 1,095,280 women. Density: 901 inhabitants per square kilometer.
The city has a circular shape, its axes measuring about 24 kilometers on the north-south direction and about 22 kilometers on the east-west direction. Between these limits, Bucharest contains six administrative districts (numbered with Arab figures, from 1 to 6), ordered radial, and since 23 January 1981 was subordinated to it, administratively, the Ilfov Agriculturist District, extended around the Capital.
This seventh district of the Capital (1,593 square kilometers and 276,476 inhabitants), made of 38 communes and the city Buftea was transformed (24 September 1996) into a county, with its institutions located in Bucharest.

The Climate of the city is temperate - continental, with slightly excessive nuances and with some differentiations of the air temperature caused by the supplementary heating of the street network from its interior or by the burning of industrial and domestic fuels, by the radiation exerted by the walls of the buildings, etc.


Transport

* The railway transport: The Northern Train station (Gara de Nord), inaugurated on 13/25 September 1872, the biggest train station from the city and from the country, The Obor Trainstation (Eastern Train Station), The Basarab Train Station (next to the Northern Train Station), The Baneasa Train Station and The Progresul Train Station.

* The road transport: in Bucharest are concentrating, or going to different corners of the country eight national highways the continue towards the countries in the north, east, south, west and center of Europe.

DN1 = BUCHAREST - PLOIESTI - BRASOV - SIBIU - ALBA IULIA - CLUJ NAPOCA - ORADEA - BORS
DN1A = BUCHAREST - PLOIESTI - BRASOV - SIBIU - DEVA -ARAD - NADLAC
DN2 = BUCHAREST - URZICENI - BUZAU - FOCSANI - BACAU - SUCEAVA - SIRET
DN3 = BUCHAREST - LEHLIU - CALARASI - OSTROV - CONSTANTA
DN4 = BUCHAREST - OLTENITA
DN5 = BUCHAREST - GIURGIU
DN6 = BUCHAREST - ALEXANDRIA CRAIOVA - DROBETA TURNU SEVERIN - TIMISOARA - JIMBOLIA
DN7 = BUCHAREST - PITESTI - RAMNICU VALCEA - SIBIU - DEVA - ARAD - NADLAC

The communications network inside the municipality
Bucharest (alleys, streets, boulevards, roads) has a total length of 1,874 kilometers (31 December 1994) from which 851 kilometers modernized. These are placed radial, a big part of the principal and secondary ways meeting in Piata Unirii or Piata Universitatii.

The urban passenger transport in the Capital is made with varied vehicles: trams, buses, trolley-buses, taxi-cabs, minibuses, underground. The price of a ticket is 6,000 lei (7 July 2002).

The tariffs of taxi-cab companies are between 4,500 and 6,000 lei / kilometer.
The total length of tube railway in Bucharest totalizes 60 kilometers, having 38 stations. The arrival interval of the tube its about 10 minutes, and the price of a two travel ticket is
14,000 lei (17 March 2003)



The underground map

*Airway transport - Bucharest is the biggest and most important center of airway transport in Romania, the internal traffic being achieved by the airport Bucharest - Baneasa (inaugurated in 1920), situated in the north of the city, on the Bucharest - Ploiesti highway. From its runways take off and land airplanes towards and from 15 cities of the country: Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Arad, Oradea, Baia Mare, Satu-Mare, Targu-Mures, Caransebes, Sibiu, Craiova, Suceava, Bacau, Iasi, Tulcea and Constanta. The international merchandise and passenger transport is provided only by Bucharest -Otopeni airport (inaugurated in 8 April 1970), placed at 18 kilometers north from the city's center, on the highway that goes to Ploiesti.



The Tourism

Due to its complex functions, to its position within the country and to the many objectives with historical, architectural and other values, Bucharest represents one of the main touristic centers of Romania. The Capital possesses a considerable material base, in continuous extension, that contains 46 hotels (with a total capacity of about 12,000 rooms), a few hotels and flats in hotel conditions, many places for leisure and for sport practicing, restaurants, casinos, discos, day and night clubs a.s.o. The touristic activity in Bucharest and in the country is coordinated by the Ministry of Tourism and maintained by many tourism associations.

The most important touristic objectives of Bucharest municipality are: People's House (Parliament's Palace), The Romanian Athenaeum, The Triumph Arch, The National Bank's Palace, The Equestrian statue of Mihai Viteazu, The National Theatre, The University, The Cismigiu Park, The Botanical Garden, Herastrau Park, The Village Museum, The National Museum of Romania's Art, The National Museum of Romania's History, The Church of Casin Monastery.



Muzee - Museums - Musees - Museen

The National Museum of Romanian History - Calea Victoriei no. 12, offers a comprehensive image of the society's development on the territory of Romania starting from ancient times until today.

The National Museum of Romania's Art - Calea Victoriei no. 49-53, houses over 70,000 objects.

The Museum of Art Collections - Calea Victoriei no. 111, houses creations of great artistic value signed by valuable great Romanian and foreign artists.

The National Cotroceni Museum - St. Geniului no. 1, where are exposed collections of old Romanian art.

The History and Art Museum of Bucharest Municipality - Bd. I.C.Bratianu no.2, is sheltered in Sutu Palace, containing about 150,000 exhibits that present the history of Bucharest's municipality from ancient times to the present.

The Village Museum - Sos. Kiseleff no.28-30, established in 1936, is an ethnographical museum in the open, extended on 10 hectares, containing 272 buildings and peasant farms from all over the country.

The National Geological Museum - Sos. Kiseleff no.2, exhibits impressive collections of mine flowers, mineralogy, paleontology, deposits, etcetera.

The Natural History Museum "Grigore Antipa" - Sos. Kiseleff no.1, contains over 300,000 pieces.


The National Military Museum - St. Mircea Vulcanescu no.125-127, contains collections of military history, documents, pictures, weapons, uniforms, medals, battle techniques.

The Fireman's Museum - Bd. Ferdinand no.33/ Piata Foisorului de Foc , exhibits documents, maps, weapons, medals, flags.

The Curtea Veche Museum - Voievodal Palace - St. Iuliu Maniu no.25-31, is a museum in the open that contains the ruins of the first hospodary residence of the hospodars of Romanian Country.

The Technical Museum "Profesor inginer Dimitrie Leonida" - Candiano Popescu no.2

The Museum of the Romanian Peasant - Sos. Kiseleff no.3, contains about 90,000 pieces of popular Romanian art.

The Museum of the Romanian Railways - Calea Grivitei no. 193, exhibits in the open engines, wagons, and in the interior has a Morse telegraph dated 1869, pictures, Romanian railway man costumes.

The Museum of Romanian Literature - St. Fundatiei no.4, owns valuable manuscript and old book collections.

The Museum "George Enescu" - Calea Victoriei no.141, organized in the Cantacuzino - Nababul Palace, contains collections referred to the music's history, musical documents, scores.

The Museum of the National Theatre - Bd. Nicolae Balcescu no.2-4, illustrates through its collections the evolution of the Romanian theatre from its beginning to the present time.

The "Theodor Aman" Museum - St. C.A. Rosetti no.8

The Memorial Museum "Gheorghe M. Tatarascu" - St. Domnita Anastasia no.7


Biserici - Churches - Eglises - Kirchen

Alba Church (Calea Victoriei no.110), Antim Church (St. Mitropolit Antim Ivireanu no.29), Armeneasca Church (Bd. Carol 1 no.43), Coltei Church (Bd. I.C. Bratianu no.1), Curtea Veche Church (St. Franceza no.33), Italiana Church (Bd. Nicolae Balcescu no.28), Cretulescu Church (Calea Victoriei no. 45 A), Stavropoleos Church (St. Stavropoleos no.4), Patriarhala Cathedral (Dealul Mitropoliei no.21), Sf. Iosif Cathedral (St. G-ral Berthelot no.15), Luterana Church (St. Luterana no.2), Amzei Church (St.Biserica Amzei no.2), Icoanei Church (St. Icoanei no.12), Boteanu Church (St. Boteanu no.8), Zlatari Church (Calea Victoriei no.12 bis), Greaca Church (Bd. Pache Protopopescu no.1-3), Silvestru Church (St. Silvestru no.36), Bucur Church (St. Radu Voda no.33), Domnita Balasa Church (St. Sfintii Apostoli no.60), Elefterie Church (St. Sfantul Elefterie no.1), Casin Church (Bd. Marasti no.16), Sfintii Apostoli Church (St. Sfintii Apostoli no.1).


Monumente de arta si istorie - Art and history monuments - Monuments d'art et d'histoire -
Kunst - und historsiche Denkmaler


The Monument of the Airmen - Bd. Aviatorilor, The Monument of the Unknown Hero - Carol Park, The Monument of the French Heroes - Cismigiu Gardens, The Monument " Lupoaica Romei " - Piata Romana, The ecvestral Statue Mihai Viteazul - Piata Universitatii, The Statue Ion Eliade Radulescu - Piata Universitatii, The Statue Gheorghe Lazar - Piata Universitatii, The Statue Spiru Haret - Piata Universitatii, The Statue M. Kogalniceanu - Piata Universitatii, The Statue C.A. Rosetti - Piata C.A. Rosetti, The Cemetery of the Revolution's Heroes - December 1989 - Calea Serban Voda.

Monumente de arhitectura - Architecture monuments - Monuments d'architecture - Baudenkmaler

The Romanian Academy -125, Calea Victoriei Street, The Triumph Arch - The" Arcul de Triumf" Place, The Romanian Athenaeum - 1, Franklin Street, The National Military Debating Society - 1, Constantin Mille Street, The C.E.C. Palace - 11, Calea Victoriei Street, The "Hanu lui Manuc" Restaurant - 62-64 Franceza Street, The Royal Palace - Piata Revolutiei, Parliament's Palace (People's House) - 1, Calea 13 Septembrie Street, The "Caru cu bere" Reastaurant - 3, Stavropoleos Street, The National Bank - 8, Doamnei Street, The Institute of Architecture - 18, Academiei Street, The Bucharest's University - 2-4, Regina Elisabeta Boulevard, The Bucharest's City Hall - 47, Regina Elisabeta Boulevard, Cotroceni Palace - 1, Geniului Boulevard, The Romanian Opera - 50, Mihail Kogalniceanu Boulevard, The Military Academy - 68-72, Panduri Street, Foisorul de Foc -33, Ferdinand Boulevard.

1. The People's House or Parliament's Palace

It's a building of great proportions, extended on an area of 64,800 square meters - the second building in the world after the Pentagon's building in Washington. Built between 1984 and 1989 on Uranus Hill, after the plans of a Romanian collective of architects, coordinated by the architect Anca Petrescu, this stately building has a rectangular shape, with sides of 270 meters in front and respectively 240 meters on the sides, a height of 84 meters and a depth, under the 0 elevation, that descends to 92 meters. The areas of the 440 offices, of the many conference and meeting halls (from which three halls are between 1,000 and 1,500 square meters each, two halls of over 2,000 square meters each, two meeting halls with a capacity of 1,200 seats and respectively 850 seats) totalize 265,000 square meters. from the point of view of the constructed volume, People's House occupies the third place in the world (with 2.55 million cubic meters ) after the building from Cape Canaveral (U.S.A) where cosmic rockets are mounted (with 3.67 million cubic meters) and the Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl (3.3 million cubic meters) from Mexico.

2. The Romanian Athenaeum

It's one of the most representative buildings of the Capital, with value of a symbol, built between 1886 and 1888 (inaugurated on 14/26 February 1888), after the plans of the French architect Albert Galleron, helped by the Romanian architect Constantin Baicoianu, to the initiative of an intellectual group, eager to endow Bucharest with a roomy hall, destined to musical manifestations of high artistic carriage. The founds have been gathered by public subscription as answer to the famous appeal "give a leu for the Athenaeum". The Romanian Athenaeum, with the front side in neoclassical style and with a big cupola, of baroque structure, has the aspect of a ionic temple with six frontal columns and two lateral ones. The big concert hall, with a diameter of 28.50 meters and a height of 16 meters, has a capacity of 1,000 seats and a good acoustics, being decorated with a fresco where are surprised the principal moments of Romanian history - opera of the painter Costin Petrescu.

3. The House "Capsa"

Situated opposite to the National Military Debating Society, on Calea Victoriei, corner with the Edgar Quinet Street, is an old building (1852), modest, with one floor, belonging initially to Slatineanu and which, in 1874, got into the possession of the famous confectioner Grigore Capsa (former disciple of Boissier from Paris); he transformed the building in a confectionery, coffee house, restaurant and hotel, constituting for a long period of time, the meeting place of some Bucharest personalities (politicians, writers, newspapermen, etc.).

 

 

 

 

 

4. The Triumph Arch

The first triumph arch was built in a hurry, in 1878, for the parade of the troops returning from the independence war. Because it was built out of light materials, it has been deteriorated after a while. A new Provisional construction was occasioned by the parade of 1922 of the Romanian troops participant in the first world war, for the implementation of the unitary national statute. Reconstructed out of rock, in 1935-1936, after the plans of the architect Petre Antonescu, the monument has a classical appearance, being covered with sculptures in rock and inscriptions realized by Ion Jalea, Cornel Medrea and Constantin Baraschi.

5. The National Bank's Palace

With the front side towards Lipscani, it's a large building, of symmetrical plane and sober architecture, built between 1884 (12th of July) and 1890 after the plans of the French architects Albert Galleron and Cassien Bernard, in neoclassical French style on the place of the khan of Serban Voda. The front of the building, from Lipscani Street, is praised by four Corinthic columns and the corner pavilions are each ornamented with four Corinthic columns in Ionic style, which have between them a niche with the allegorical statues representing "The Agriculture" and "The Justice", made by the sculptor Ion Georgescu, as well as "The Trade" and "The Industry" made by Stefan-Ionescu-Valbudea.

6. The Equestrian Statue of Mihai Viteazul

Situated on the Mihail Kogalniceanu Boulevard, opposite to the University, is the first monument of this type uncovered in the Capital, in 1876. Opera made of bronze by the French sculptor Albert Ernest Carriere de Belleuse, the equestrian statue, 2.5 meters high, represents the voivode Mihai Viteazul with his legs supported by the spurs, holding in the right hand the horse's bridles, and in the left hand holding the battle sword, slightly raised to the back, suggesting the calling to the battle addressed to his armies. On the head wears his famous fur cap with plume and tied at his left hip is the sward's sheath. The horse is in a moving position, with its head strained in the rein, the left front leg lifted and the tail "waving".



7. The Cismigiu Gardens

Situated in the Capital's center, limited by the boulevards Mihail Kogalniceanu (to the south) and Schitu Magureanu (to the west) and the streets Stirbei Voda (to the north) and Brezoianu (to the east), is the oldest and most beautiful park in Bucharest, extended on 17 hectares, on the place where it was a grove (at the beginning of the 19th century) with a lake formed by the natural springs situated at the base of the terrace from the street Stirbei Voda. This lake surrounded by reeds and bulrush, rich in fish at that time, appears mentioned documentary, at the time of Matei Basarab's reign, with the name "The swamp of Dura the merchant" and has had much bigger proportions. On 10 October 1779, Alexandru Ipsilanti, the hospodar of the Romanian Country, has ordered the construction of two water pumps in Bucharest to have drinking water, one of these being constructed in the place of the present gardens, towards the street Stirbei Voda. Close to this pump, Dumitru Suiulgi-Basa, named by the people "marele cismigiu" has built his house (because he was the chief of the supervision works of water flow and chief of water pumps), from where proceeds the name of the park officially inaugurated in 1854.

8. The Herastrau Park (187 hectares)

Situated on both the banks of the Herastrau Lake, between the Aviatorilor Boulevard , the C. Prezan Boulevard, the Kiseleff Street, the Bucharest - Ploiesti Highway, the Baneasa Highway and the North Highway, is one of the most beautiful parks in Bucharest, arranged in the period 1936 - 1939 with the occasion of the "Luna Bucurestilor" exposition. In the park's precincts was situated the Village Museum, a pleasure ground for children, "Elisabeta" Palace, a landing place for small ships and boats, fields and sportive bases, "ExpoFlora", restaurants and many busts (Mihai Eminescu, I.L. Caragiale a.s.o.).

9. The Botanical Garden (18 hectares)

Set up in 1855 by the doctor Carol Davila next to the Medicine and Pharmaceutics School, was partially arranged between 1860 and 1866, in the garden of the past Cotroceni monastery, after the indications of Ulrich Hoffmann - manager of the public gardens in that period. In 1874-1878 the Botanical Garden was moved and a

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